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Exploring Ta'aniot

Exploring Ta'aniot
Yerushalmi; Tractate Ta'anit - Forming and Redacting the Traditions
Nurit Beeri

The Yerushalmi Talmud continues to be one of the most important and most neglected books on the Jewish bookshelf. The book ''Exploring Ta'aniot'' examines one of its tractates from a literary point of view. Based on the assumption that the Yerushalmi Talmud, as we know it, is a result of a redacting process, this study analyses the characteristics of this process. The book comprises two parts: Chapters 1-3 deal with the voices heard in the Talmudic tradition, and the remaining chapters delve into the redaction itself. The first chapter focuses on the sayings of the amoraim according to their generations. It describes a connection between the language they used and the subjects they dealt with, in a process of changes from Mishnaic Hebrew in the first two generations to the mixture of languages, dominated by Syrian Aramaic, in the last two generations. The two voices examined in chapters 2 and 3 are anonymous. The author tries to distinguish between the voice inherent to any given tradition (the voice of its transmitter) and the voice dealing with the relation between different traditions. The second voice is known as the stammaic voice. It is the voice of those whose function is to compare and organize the traditions (i.e. the Redactors). The second part of the book deals with two stages of the redacting process – the redaction of the sequence and that of the sugiyah. The first stage (described in chapter 4) contains the formation of the different sequences. Two distinguished trends are recognized in the process - a unifying trend (active, creative, forming or actually changing traditions) and a conservative-passive trend, in which the redactors are content to simply arrange the traditions in a certain order. The fifth chapter deals with the redaction of the sugiyah. The redactors attach to the Mishnah (and after it to each other), traditions, collection of traditions and sequences, according to gradual order of detachment (in a substantial and technical sense) from the Mishnah. This chapter presents a look into some complex and unusual sugiyot, and explains their deviation from the typical detachment model. The book concludes with a discussion of the parallel sugiyot, revealing how the basic detachment model of the sugiyah can help in identifying parallel sugiyot that were fixed in their secondary place as early as the original formation of the sugiyah. * * *
Digital Edition ebook

Danacode:   110-20141 ISBN:  978-965-226-357-5 Language:   Hebrew Pages:   436 Weight:   925 gr Dimensions:  17x24 cm Publication Date:   07/2009 Publisher:   Bar-Ilan University Press

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