This pioneering study paves the way for new research in the subject of nature preservation in Israel. The book is based mainly on records from government archives, only recently made available. The author examines the process by which different offices were established in order to preserve and develop important natural and historic sites, outlining the role and policy of the State of Israel during its first 15 years. The activities of the different centres, and particularly of government offices, are described in detail. This research takes on special importance today, in a world in which there is a growing interest in the future of our environment, both on a theoretical and a practical level.